I was recently working with someone who had some temporal data in various formats and was trying to merge them in a meaningful way.
I made a small subset of the data and loaded it in.
load setTimeBasis whos
Name Size Bytes Class Attributes mydatestr 1x6 12 char t 5x1 161 datetime
First I looked at the both variables.
mydatestr = 090506
t = 12:32:28 12:59:50 12:59:51 12:59:52 12:59:53
You can see that I have a string representing a date (May 6, 2009), and then a datetime array in t. Though I saw that t was a datetime, I kept thinking of it as a duration since I didn't see a month, year, etc. And I have to confess, though I usually do check the documentation, I was really resisting it yesterday - not sure why - perhaps I was being more obstinate than usual :-) !
Next I converted the base date to datetime, and tried adding it to t.
d = datetime('090506','InputFormat','MMddyy') try d + t catch E disp(E.message) end
d = 05-Sep-2006 Addition is not defined between datetime arrays.
Ok, so that didn't work. I finally realized that even though t was only displaying hours, minutes, and seconds, because it was a datetime array and not a duration, I had to deal with that! I also realized that I used the wrong formatting for converting the original date for mydatestr to a datetime! What was I thinking!
newdate = datetime(mydatestr,'InputFormat','yyMMdd')
newdate = 06-May-2009
Let's inspect the first time point now.
t1 = t(1); [year(t1) month(t1) day(t1)]
ans = 2016 6 7
Aha! Now I need to convert the date (not time) values in t to that in olddate! I can do this by computing the difference in dates, leading to a duration array which I can add to the base date.
olddate = datetime(year(t1),month(t1),day(t1)); datediff = newdate - olddate newt = t + datediff
datediff = -62136:00:00 newt = 12:32:28 12:59:50 12:59:51 12:59:52 12:59:53
Let's check out what's in newt now (I know, eye(newt)!)
newt1 = newt(1); newt1.Format = 'yy-MM-dd hh:mm:ss'
newt1 = 09-05-06 12:32:28
Frankly, I got it to work but it was really ugly and somewhat contorted. Had I responsibly read the documentation before, I just might have found a better way. Instead of showing you the doc right now, I will show you another way to poke for more information. Let's find out what I can do with a datetime array.
Methods for class datetime: between hour le reshape caldiff interp1 length second cat intersect linspace setdiff cellstr isbetween lt setxor char iscolumn max size colon isdst mean sort ctranspose isempty median sortrows datenum isequal min std dateshift isequaln minus timeofday datestr isfinite minute transpose datetime isinf mode tzoffset datevec ismatrix month union day ismember ndims unique diff isnat ne vertcat eq isrow numel week exceltime isscalar permute year ge issorted plot ymd gt isvector plus yyyymmdd hms isweekend posixtime horzcat juliandate quarter Static methods: setDefaultFormats
Hmmmm! timeofday sure sounds interesting, doesn't it!?! So let's try again.
newdate = datetime(mydatestr,'InputFormat','yyMMdd') tod = timeofday(t) newt2 = newdate + tod whos
newdate = 06-May-2009 tod = 12:32:28 12:59:50 12:59:51 12:59:52 12:59:53 newt2 = 06-May-2009 12:32:28 06-May-2009 12:59:50 06-May-2009 12:59:51 06-May-2009 12:59:52 06-May-2009 12:59:53 Name Size Bytes Class Attributes E 1x1 3106 MException ans 1x3 24 double d 1x1 121 datetime datediff 1x1 128 duration mydatestr 1x6 12 char newdate 1x1 121 datetime newt 5x1 201 datetime newt1 1x1 147 datetime newt2 5x1 185 datetime olddate 1x1 121 datetime t 5x1 161 datetime t1 1x1 129 datetime tod 5x1 160 duration
So now we have decent working code, much nicer than the first successful attempt too!
This also could have been done with a for-loop instead of working on the arrays as arrays. For a larger set of data, my colleague found that a for-loop solution (including working with the old-style datestr etc. tools) took 29.0 seconds, and the first vectorized version took 2.3 seconds. I'm guessing the second attempt is faster but didn't bother timing it.
Have you been using the new date and time features, starting with Release R2014b? What have you had success or struggled with? Let us know here.
In case it helps you, we also have a short video about datetime that you might be interested in. Happy computing!
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