# Transforming a color image to a weighted adjacency matrix

A question on MATLAB Answers caught my eye earlier today. Borys has this pseudocolor image of a weighted adjacency matrix:

And he has this image of the color scale:

Borys wants to know how to compute the real adjacency matrix from this image, knowing that the color scale represents the range [0,5].

The problem looked interesting to me, and I wanted to give it a try.

image_url = "https://www.mathworks.com/matlabcentral/answers/uploaded_files/410520/image.png"; scale_url = "https://www.mathworks.com/matlabcentral/answers/uploaded_files/410525/image.png"; A = imread(image_url);

Here is my planned approach:

1. Use the white squares to determine the grid of coordinates for the cells of the adjacency matrix.

2. Extract the colors from the locations found in step 1.

3. For each extracted color, find the minimum color difference betweent that color and the colors in the scale.

4. Use linear interpolation to determine the weight value (between 0 and 5) for the corresponding adjacency matrix cell.

The first thing I did was to use the Pixel Region tool to check if the white squares are exactly white ([255,255,255]).

imshow(A) impixelregion

And they are.

Next, I'm going to compute a mask image corresponding to just the white squares.

mask = all(rgb == reshape([255 255 255],1,1,3),3); imshow(mask)

At a quick glance, it appears that the white squares aren't touching each other, but just to sure, let's erode them a bit.

mask2 = imerode(mask,ones(3,3)); imshow(mask2)

Now, let's find the center of each white square.

T = regionprops("table",mask2,"Centroid"); head(T)

ans = 8×1 table Centroid ________________ 5.5 5.5 19 19 32 32 44.5 45 57.5 57.5 70.545 70.545 83 83 96 96

Round the centroid coordinates to integer locations.

m = round(T.Centroid(:,2)); n = round(T.Centroid(:,1));

Let's double-check our locations

figure imshow(A) axis([n(1) n(6) m(1) m(6)]) hold on for q = 2:5 for r = 2:5 x = n(r); y = m(q); plot(x,y,"o","MarkerFaceColor","w","MarkerEdgeColor","k") text(x,y,"(" + q + "," + r + ")",... "HorizontalAlignment","center",... "VerticalAlignment","bottom") end end hold off

That looks good. Now, let's extract one of the colors and match it to a location on the scale.

Read the scale image and change it into an Mx3 matrix of color values.

scale = imread(scale_url); scale = scale(1,:,:); scale = reshape(scale,[],3);

Grab the color in the (5,3) cell of the adjacency matrix image.

c = A(m(5),n(3),:);

Display the color

image(c)

Now find the closest match in the color scale. I'll use `deltaE`, which I described in my 30-Oct-2020 post.

c = reshape(c,1,3); D = deltaE(repmat(c,size(scale,1),1), scale);

Let's double-check our work at this point. I'm expecting there to be a clear minimum, which identifies the closest color on the scale. Is that the case?

plot(D)

That looks good.

What is the minimum value of `D`, and where does it occur?

[D_min,idx] = min(D); D_min

D_min = single 3.9335

idx

idx = 341

Now we can use interpolation to get the adjacency cell weight for this cell. Recall that the weights range from 0 to 5.

w = interp1([1 size(scale,1)], [0 5], idx)

w = 3.7363

We have all the pieces of the computation. Now, let's figure out the weight for every cell.

for q = 1:length(m) for r = 1:length(n) % Skip the cells on the diagonal. if q ~= r c = A(m(q),n(r),:); c = reshape(c,1,3); c = repmat(c,size(scale,1),1); D = deltaE(c,scale); [D_min,idx] = min(D); Aw(q,r) = interp1([1 size(scale,1)],[0 5],idx); end end end

Finally, we can display our computed weighted adjacency matrix. Except for the diagonal elements, which will display as blue using this procedure, it should look very similar to the image we started with.

imshow(Aw,[]) colormap(scale)

That was fun!

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