To some of you, this may be old news, but I know that not everyone is up to date on newer features. The new Object Oriented Programming capability that was introduced in R2008a has been highlighted several times by Loren, Doug, and Steve.
This entry by Stuart provides a nice syntax comparisons between MATLAB and a few of the common object oriented languages (C++, Java, Python, Ruby). Take a look at the published HTML to read about it and get a quick side-by-side comparison of these languages.
Note: as Stuart mentions in the comments, this is a syntax comparison, and it is not meant for showcasing best practices. The documentation is a good place to get such info.
Get the MATLAB code
Published with MATLAB® 7.9