MATLAB is often used for post-test data analysis. You can get more value from your data acquisition session if you do the MATLAB analysis on the data as it is being collected. This can be done by having MATLAB be the software for collecting your data.
This video shows a very simple way of getting data into MATLAB from a DAQ board, in this case the windows soundcard.
This demo uses the Data Acquisition Toolbox
Other videos have been gathered here:
Other Advanced MATLAB posts have been gathered here: